meniscal tear It is one of the most common injuries knee painThis injury occurs when flexing or flexing the knees or activities that place heavy loads on them.
According to the Mayo Clinic, each knee has two pieces. cartilage C-shaped, called menisci, they form a kind of cushion between the shin bone and the thigh bone.
When a meniscus tears or tearsThis causes pain, swelling and stiffness. You can identify a meniscus tear by feeling for an interruption in the movement of the knee and having trouble extending it fully.
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When the meniscus ruptures, it can take up to 24 hours for pain and swelling to appear, especially if the tear is small.
in between Most common symptoms of meniscus tear They find each other:
- one click sensation
- swelling or stiffness
- pain, especially when bending or flexing the knee
- Difficulty in fully straightening the knee
- feeling that the knee is closed when trying to move
- feeling that the knee is loose
At first the pain may not be so intense, you can continue with daily activities until the swelling begins.
This tear must be treated by an orthopedic surgeon, and treatment will depend on factors such as age, activity level, and location of the injury. Not all meniscus tears require surgery.
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To speed up recovery, you may be advised to:
- Give rest to the knee. Limit activities and try not to move too much. You can use crutches to help ease the pain.
- Apply ice on the knee. With this you can reduce the pain and swelling. Do this for 15-20 minutes every 3-4 hours for 2-3 days or until the pain and swelling go away.
- Compress the knee. Wear an elastic bandage over your knee to control swelling. Raise it with a pillow under your heels when you are sitting or lying down.
- Take anti-inflammatory drugs. These will help with the pain and swelling. Do not self-medicate and only take what your traumatologist recommends.
- Do stretching and strengthening exercises. This will help reduce the stress on the knee. Talk to your doctor first and wait for them to recommend a physical therapist for guidance.
- Avoid high-impact activities like running and jumping.