Actually, on the cover of economist From May 21–27, 2022, this title appears on the panorama of wheat ears: the coming food disaster, When a Spaniard reads everything about it that appears on page 13, where such a food catastrophe is declared, he will understand that it is not a burden, not even remotely, that worries us immediately. should do. The reason for this change is due to the fact that, for the first time, the results of cooperation between the intellectual world and the public power specializing in agriculture have been seen again in Spain.
In this sense, we should remember that Quesnay’s first serious link between agriculture and macroeconomics was that of Quesnay, although his ideas only date from 1752, when he was appointed “the first general physician” of King Louis XV, who was appointed by the Valentinian. as it had become. It became “an irresistible force at the time”, as Andrés lvarez explained in his brilliant introduction to Le Tablo Economic (Labour Magazine’s edition).
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Madrid 2022, 123 pgs
Agricultural Transition 1976–1982, 2nd Revised and Expanded Edition
So, in the case of Spain it happens again. The agrarian problem was taken up, first of all, by the Campomanes, without serious consequences; Thereafter, Jovelanos, under the tutelage of his knowledge in economics, produced a famous report in the Royal Economic Society of Matrices, which produced no notable changes, and the measures of dissent by him were always a disaster. When Flores de Lemás, the appointed adviser for the development of the Second Republic’s agrarian reform, tried to supplement it with an adequate credit structure, he observed that Republican leaders turned their backs on him for cooperating with the Cambo-Alcalá Zamora credit. . Rekha and Azana. Flores de Lemus reacted by resigning. The same goes for Manuel de Torres’ criticism of post-civil war agricultural policy. It took a long time to listen to him, in 1954 he became successful.
But look, thanks to being an outstanding expert in agricultural matters, Jaime Lamo de Espinosa, as shown in this book, proposed where the Spanish rural economic structure should go. As an outstanding agronomist and distinguished professor of economics, he saw that, as the inaugural economic transition, in 1957, he occupied important political positions, as he confirmed, already in transition, June 1979. In 1812, the delegate in Congress, by proposing and defining a “policy of change for agriculture”, an issue that, later, he fully developed, occupied the portfolio of Minister of Agriculture, and realized that Spain, by 1957 and the inauguration of Ulastres, demanded a global approach to rural issues under the chairmanship of the FAO. And he manages to become a prominent leader of this famous world institution, which would lead him to liaise with St. John Paul II at the FAO meeting in Rome in 1979.
Those key positions allowed him to effectively develop a set of measures with really great results. We see that it is collected as such on PP. 102-120, in this book – in the section Agriculture, food and the rural environment during the reign of Juan Carlos I, where, in particular, it is pointed out (p. 122) that our agricultural trade balance, which was systematically The deficit «began to vary in 1981, when a significant export operation of wheat (more than 1,000,000 tons) and flour to the USSR, which increased the rate of coverage of the trade balance to figures close to equilibrium (96%) . Since then, the growth of this ratio has been moving towards positive figures and great value. This is a paradigm for how extraordinary changes have taken place in Spain during the reign of Juan Carlos I, a fact that should be noted by some politicians, who appear to be more ignorant than critics, as Spain “is today” wine. the first world exporter of, in volume, with 23% of the world market; the first producer of olive oil; the third producer of pork; and the sixth world agri-food exporter”, which is “the strong growth of GDP over these four decades, with parallel urbanization, de-ruralization, significant refrigeration of households, a change in the pattern made by agri-food . industry “.
It is understood that, for example, the medical problem of Las Herdes, due to poor nutrition, is no longer of interest to any of Marnón’s scientific successors.
For this reason, this book is necessary to take up this problem of Spain at present.
- Juan Velarde Fuertes He is Emeritus Professor of Applied Economics at Complutense University
The “Food Disaster” That Shouldn’t Hurt Us Immediately