Master / AP
In Mexico, Teacher’s Day is celebrated every 15 May, a day to thank teachers for their dedication and support in the education of students.
May 15 was chosen to commemorate the capture of Queretaro in 1867, when the Mexican army managed to defeat the Second Empire of Mexico.
In addition to victory in battle, that date is also celebrated as a central character in the history of religious education; Saint John the Baptist de la Salle, a French priest and pedagogue who educated teachers to give classes to the children of the artisans and poor children of the time.
On 15 May 1950, he was declared special patron of all teachers of children and youth and universal patron of teachers by Pope Pius XII.
For the first time in 1918, Teacher’s Day was celebrated in Mexico on 15 May. The date was chosen a year earlier, when a group of legislators in Congress began discussing the idea of paying tribute to Mexico’s teachers.
Deputies Benito Ramárez (Veracruz) and Enrique Visca Lobatán (Coahuila) were the ones who approved a project for the constitution that currently governs us — a few months before the plenary session of the Constituent Assembly presented on September 27, 1917. The festival was gone.
In this regard, researcher Alejandro Canales Sánchez explained in an article published by the UNAM Higher Education Symposium (SES):
“While presenting the project to the plenary session of the Chamber, he drew attention to the prevailing injustice meted out to teachers and the importance of giving honor and respect to their work. As a result, he proposed a law with two articles: the first announced on 15 May. The first to be done by the teacher and the second so that ‘the parents or guardians of the children send them to their teachers’ homes that day, to congratulate them, out of respect for their gratitude’.
The following month, lawmakers discussed the details of the proposal. As such he chose 15 May as the ideal date, apart from specifying that classes at all educational levels be suspended on that day and that the organization of cultural activities was necessary to promote the work of the teaching profession.
Although it is not an official Sabbath, many schools usually close activities on that date. And in many others they still organize festivals with dance, gifts and enthusiasm to celebrate those who teach the country’s minorities.
Since the date falls on a Sunday this year, some states have decided that there will be no classes on Monday, but this does not apply at the country level.