The temporary employment rate in the public sector reached 32.5% in the first quarter of 2022, the highest level since the series began two decades ago, exceeding the rate of more than ten points in the private sector, where Temporary employment was 22.1%. in the same period.
Interim in Public Administration This has increased from 30.4% in the first quarter of 2021 to 31% at the end of that year and 32.5% in the first quarter of 2022.According to the latest figures from the Active Population Survey (EPA), the total number of public employees with temporary contracts has reached 1.13 million.
In contrast, the floating rate in the private sector has fallen by nearly two points, from 23.9% at the end of 2021 to 22.1% in the first quarter, due to the impact of the labor reform implemented on December 31. Significantly limited temporary recruitment.
The increase in temporary contracts in administration, as explained to EFE by Miriam Pinillos, the FSC-CCOO’s secretary of public policies, is the answer «Calls for public employment offers delayed and in the implementation of employment stabilization processes».
Tempority is not the same at all levels of the public sector, as it is around 10% in general state administration (AGE), over 30% in autonomous communities and 25% in local administration, according to data controlled by CSIF.
gender and age difference
Temporary employment in the public sector presents a clear gender gap, 24% for men and 38.5% for womenSomething that CSIF attributes to the fact that “sectors such as education and health are highly feminized and are the ones that receive the greatest impact of temporality.”
This difference is sharper in those under 25 years of age with a temporality of 86.7%, reaching 92.6% for women younger than that age.
For CSIF, the generation gap is also due to the functioning of sectors such as health and education, and condemns that access to “fundamental areas of the welfare state” is often through fixed-term contracts.
The CCOO says there is a structural demand that the public employment offer is not covered, as the replacement rate was suppressed over the years and the workload increased.
Temporality is a problem the administration has been dragging on for decades, although it did not exceed the 30% barrier until the first quarter of last year.
since 2002, Temporary employment declined by only 20% in the six quarters between 2012 and 2014Despite the fact that in 2017 the then Minister of Finance and Public Administration, Cristóbal Montoro, signed a deal with unions to reduce the interim to 8%.
The current government also committed to reducing temporary employment in the public sector with the Act of Immediate Measures, approved in July 2021 and processed as a bill in Parliament, to achieve 8% before 2025 by the executive and unions. Includes agreement between
The text considers that interim positions considered structural, some 300,000, must be awarded before December 31, 2024, requiring all procedures to be approved and published before June 1, 2022, and December 31, 2024. , should be called before 2022. 2022.
This new stabilization process will be by anti-competition for those who have been temporarily and uninterruptedly employed for three years till December 31, 2020, with experience being a determining element for assessment.
Vacancies filled temporarily and uninterruptedly from before 1st January, 2016 will be called on exceptional basis by the competition system only.
Failure to pass the process will result in dismissal with compensation of 20 days Fixed remuneration per year worked, however those who do not participate in the selection process will not be compensated financially.
To avoid the same problem in future, the law establishes that vacancies shall be filled by interim personnel only when it is not possible to do so with career officers and for a maximum period of three years.
Unions ask for commitment
Despite the law’s approval, Pinillos (CCOO) believes that “many administrations” have not yet followed through with the stabilization process, although he assures that “if they do so without the end of the process in 2024.” Doubt complies, then aim to end the crisis that stresses temporality».
UGT Public Services’ secretary of union action, Isabel Arak, understands that the fundamental point, once the decree law has been approved, is that the administration has the will to “end once and for all with the temporary “
Public works sources have reminded the EFE that it is each administration (state, regional or local) that conducts tests conforming to the scales of its own bodies or personnel and without data on who has to comply with the law. That’s how many stabilization sites have already been called.