More than being something momentary, the goal of globalization of problems is to be the norm. For Lamia Kerdjouz, secretary of the European Federation of Private Ports and Maritime Terminals, part of the artillery countering this trend is the exchange of information, an exercise that helps to make some predictions of what will happen, at least in the short term. will help. And the most immediate test seems to be just around the corner.
Regarding the Chinese city’s new closure due to the new outbreak of COVID-19, he said, “There is a disruption due to the situation in Asia, especially in Shanghai, because it is not clear what is happening.” “The problem for me is the lack of clarity in the context where we already have a crisis. Whether we like it or not, it will affect countries like Mexico because trade is just so intertwined that there’s a huge difference between economies. dependency.” He added.
Unfortunately one of the biggest consequences of this situation is seen in cost. For example, freight rates from Shanghai to Europe have averaged more than $10,000 from a range of $3,000, while for Mexico they dropped from $4,000 to $8,000 by the end of last year.
The Director of Transport at the World Bank explains that the consequences of this range range from a slowdown in the economy to a rise in commodity prices that most impacts the population with the lowest on record, a situation that is expected to continue. “Hopefully, imports will continue to rise, or at least stabilize. The container situation is being addressed, but the problem is on the port and land side of cargo transport,” Reza said.
In the long term, Krdjauj sees two main problems: the increasing presence of large vessels, which require dredging work that cannot always be carried out without disrupting a port’s activity; and the decarbonization of logistics through a multimodality that recharges faster in rail transport than in trucks.
“We need to strengthen the network, this is where we are at the European level,” says the expert. “We should have more diversification in terms of road, train and ship options, as not all ports can be connected by train, for example. This is the only way you can respond to demand in less time”, He concluded.