Turismo It has been one of the weapons that has produced the highest income for the state exchequer, due to its impact on the balance of payments and collection of indirect taxes for the tax agency.
But the people who notice the effects of tourism most are the autonomous communities, which are ultimately responsible for providing services so that tourists can repeat. However, entrepreneurs and companies are directly responsible for collecting while providing services that tourists need and demand.
Of the 17 autonomous communities – two autonomous cities – six of which’Pareto’s law, In such a situation, 90% of the tourists visiting our country are covered.
Andalusia, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Catalonia, Valencian Community and Madrid Community are the six leaders in receiving tourism in Spain.
In the year 2000, 46.4 million tourists came to us. Together, they received 92.6% of them, with the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands receiving the most. Between the two they added more than 20 million, which was 43.2% of the total number of tourists who visited Spain.
Catalonia was third with 19.2% and Madrid sixth with 6%.
The second decade of the century failed to record the growth rate achieved by the national economy. While Spanish finance – over this period – grew by 86%, the number of tourists increased by only 13.5%.
On the other hand, the increase of the six major autonomies is only 11.8%, with the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands being the most affected, a decrease of 8% for the Balearic Islands and 14.1% for the Canary Islands. Andalusia remains stagnant in its growth, while lFor the Valencian community, manages to grow above average and attracts up to 5 million visitors with an increase of 18.6%
The two great winners of this decade are undoubtedly, Cataloniawhich is an increase of 47.5%, is placed as First community in number of tourists received and community madridWhich increased by 65.2%, received over 4.6 million tourists and represents 8.8% of the total for Spain.
Since in 2020 it is well known that worldwide tourism was practically zero due to the pandemic, we have focused this analysis on 2019. Although we have put 2021 on the table, it is difficult to predict what might happen in 2022 with these results. Which was 32 percent less than the first quarter of 2019.
2019, a historic year for tourism
This year, in 2019, we received over 83.5 million visitors, the highest number in the history of tourist visits to our country. This number of tourists shows an increase of 180% compared to the year 2000.
The biggest loss of this century is undoubtedly the Canary Islands, which accounted for 21.6% of all tourist visits to Spain in the year 2000. This fell to 15.7% in 2019, rising only 31.2%, which is far from the national average. Canary Islands ranks third with this figure When in 2000 it was actually number 1 though by just 21,000 tourists compared to the Balearic Islands.
The second big loser is the Balearic Islands, although they are growing slightly more than the Canary Islands, only 36.8% do so and go up to 16.4%, representing 21.6% of the total number of tourists visiting our country. Huh. Despite this, the Balearic Islands, with 13.7 million tourists, remain the second region in Spain to receive tourists.
Andalusia, which grew by 72.0% in this century, became the fourth region to receive tourists and crossed the 8-digit mark to reach 12 million tourists. With this growth, Andalusia has gone from receiving 15% of Spanish tourists in 2000, to 14.4% in 2019, despite the increase.
The Valencian community, with an increase of 125.1%, consolidates itself in fourth place, is the second community mentioned here in growth volume and has reached 9.5 million tourists. In 2009, the community attracted 9.1% of Spanish tourists and in 2019 it has attracted 11.4%.
Catalonia, with an increase of 117.3%, repeated as the first community with about 19.4 million tourists. In this year it differentiated with the Balearic Islands of over 6 million tourists and went from representing 19.2% in the year 2000 to representing 23.2%.
But, he community of madrid, is in battle and has managed to increase by 172.6% so far this century. 65 percentage points higher than Catalonia and 47 points more than Valencian Community. It has exceeded 7.5 million tourists, which already represents 9.1% of the total number of tourists received in our country, when at the beginning of the century it represented only 6%.
The 2021 figures are not critical to any forecast and as we have more months of data we will begin to analyze how the pandemic crisis and the war in Ukraine have affected our communities.
Madrid has a chance. It’s a great city with great attractions for any tourist, but combine it with Toledo and SegoviaThe first could be certain to create a special package representing 10% of total Spanish tourism and as a second phase more than 10 million visitors.
Madrid can and should take advantage of these conditions to gain market share.
Madrid, the community where tourism grows the most