Mexico City.- A researcher showed that Lactic acid bacteria attack European fallbrood diseasereason low honey productionalso acts positively on the microbiota of Evolving bees and strengthening their defenses
A group of scientists from the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) found that a lactic acid isolated from these insects inhibits the growth of the bacterium Melisococcus plutonius, which causes European foulbrood disease, contributing to increased losses in honey production. Is.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Sadar) informed that Mexican honey It is in great demand in the markets and currently Mexico is the thirteenth international supplier of the product. Thus, it is necessary to have Biotechnological tool to combat pests that reduce production And, at the same time, avoid the use of chemicals, the researcher said. Marisol Sánchez Esgua, head of research at the Center for Research in Applied Biotechnology (CIBA) Tlaxcala.
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Sánchez Esca explained that, as a method of disease prevention and control, Beekeepers apply antibiotics to hives, However, the presence of these chemical residues affects the quality of honey,
He explained that it leaves residue in honey and causes resistance in pathogens, causing a public health problem among consumers.
Although the concentration to be consumed is very low, exposure to excess can increase the harmful effects. “The formulation under development will avoid these adverse effects on bees and there are residues of such drugs in honey,” said Dr. Sánchez Esgua.
Lactic acid bacteria have a favorable effect on the microbiota of the larvae. During the study, it was observed that by increasing the amount of lactobacilli in larvae and bees, the rate of pathogens decreases, which suggests introducing the microorganism into hives as a viable option to reduce the risk of getting sick. Opens up possibilities.
Nurse bees don’t get European fallbreed, but they are carriers of disease transmission. “To strengthen the microbiota of developing insects and reduce the bacterial load of potential pathogens of adult bees, Lactic acid bacteria can be introduced into the hive through sprinklers or supplied in food (syrup or bee bread), he warned.
Even when it is a natural product, on-site monitoring is necessary to guarantee its safety. In addition, they will evaluate their feasibility to determine the shelf life and frequency with which they should be applied.
Simultaneous tests were conducted with samples of larvae and bees in collaboration with some beekeepers tlaxcalaThose who have shown interest in this project that can help improve their production.
CIBA Tlaxcala . Professor and Researcher of told that by the end of 2022 they plan to prepare the powder and start the patent process. Thereafter, the technology would be transferred to a pharmaceutical company interested in producing it and the microorganism could later be provided to beekeepers so that they could apply it to hives.
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Dr. Sánchez Esgua called on interested students to join the project, the preliminary results of which he presented at various conferences.